Skin Protection Tips Skin Tips in Urdu Tumblr For Winter In Hindi for Women in Urdu Language for Men for Girls in Urdu For Oily Skin
The skin is the single largest organ of the body. The skin, when healthy, protects us from chemical, physical, and biological hazards. Skin weighs about 10% of our total body weight and is approximately one eighth of an inch thick. The skin is made up of two layers, the epidermis (outer layer) and the dermis (inner layer). The outer layer of skin is only 1/250th of an inch thick, and is the part of our skin that forms the protective barrier.There are many skin irritants that employees may be exposed to in the workplace. One out of every four workers may be exposed to something that will irritate the skin. Many different things may cause skin damage. When something penetrates through the outer layer, the inner layer of skin reacts to it. Strong, or regularly repeated irritations of the skin may lead to skin diseases.The skin contains oil glands, hair follicles, and sweat glands. These are like tiny holes. So the skin can be like a sponge when it contacts something. Skin also contains blood vessels, and some chemicals can penetrate the outer layer and enter the blood stream.The type of environment you are in can cause skin problems directly or they can work with other factors to increase skin problems. These factors include:Heat – causes sweating. Sweating may dissolve chemicals and bring them into closer contact with the skin. Heat increases the blood flow at the skin surface and may increase the absorption of substances into the body.Cold – dries the skin and causes microscopic cracking. This cracking allows substances to cross the outer layer of the skin, thus entering the body.Sun – burns and damages the skin. Sun can increase absorption of chemicals. Sun reacts with some chemicals to enhance their negative affects on the body.
How to Protect Your Skin
Wear long sleeve shirts and pants, to minimize the amount of skin exposed.
When working outdoors, wear a hat with a brim.
Use a high sun protection factor (SPF) sunscreen.
Wash your hands regularly during and after work.
Wear gloves when handling chemicals.
Where possible, use tools to handle hazardous substances instead of your hands.When using gloves or clothing to protect yourself and your skin, you should be careful when removing contaminated clothing, so as not to contaminate yourself.If a worker is exposed, or thinks he/she may have been exposed to a hazardous substance, the area should be rinsed for at least 15 minutes. If a worker is accidentally contaminated, he or she should get under a shower immediately and remove the clothing while showering. Certain substances can be absorbed quickly across the skin. Time is critical. Medical help should be obtained immediately.Our body creates most of our vitamin D from direct sunlight on our skin. We also get vitamin D from some foods, such as eggs, meat and oily fish such as salmon, mackerel and sardines.Vitamin D is also added to all margarine and infant formula milk, as well as to some breakfast cereals, soya products, dairy products, powdered milks and low-fat spreads.here isn't one recommendation to suit everybody. This is because the amount of time you need to spend in the sun for your skin to make enough vitamin D depends on a number of things. These include your skin type (how dark your skin is or how easily you get sunburnt), the time of year and what time of day it is.
Vitamin D and you
The amount of time you need to spend in the sun for your skin to make enough vitamin D is different for every person
Short daily periods of sun exposure without sunscreen during the summer months (April to October) are enough for most people to make enough vitamin D. Evidence suggests that the most effective time of day for vitamin D production is between 11am and 3pm.
A short period in the sun means a matter of minutes – evidence suggests that about 10 to 15 minutes is enough for most lighter-skinned people – and is less than the time it takes you to start going red or burn.
The larger the area of your skin that is exposed to sunlight, the more chance there is of making enough vitamin D before you start to burn.
People with darker skin will need to spend longer in the sun to produce the same amount of vitamin D.
In the UK, our skin isn't able to make vitamin D from winter sunlight (November to March) as the sunlight hasn't got enough UVB (ultraviolet B) radiation. During the winter, we get vitamin D from our body's stores and from food sources.
The longer you stay in the sun, especially for prolonged periods without sun protection, the greater the risk of skin cancer. Remember to cover up or protect your skin before the amount of time it takes you to start to turn red or burn later on. For most of the time you spend outside, stay covered up and use sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15.
Find out more about keeping skin safe in the sun.
Who is at risk of vitamin D deficiency?
Some groups of the population are at risk of vitamin D deficiency, and the Department of Health advises that they take daily vitamin D supplements. These groups are:
all pregnant and breastfeeding women
all babies and young children from six months to five years old (unless they are having more than 500ml a day of infant formula)
older people aged 65 and over
people who are not exposed to much sun, for example those who cover their skin, or who are housebound or confined indoors for long periods